On the relationship of energy and probability in models of classical statistical physics
Boris S. Nahapetian
Institute of Mathematics, NAS RA
Thursday, October 31, 2019
In this talk, we present a new point of view on the mathematical foundations of statistical physics of infinite volume systems. This viewpoint is based on the newly introduced notions of transition energy function, transition energy field and one-point transition energy field, each of which is defined axiomatically by its natural and physically well-founded intrinsic properties. The developed approach allowed us to give a proper mathematical definition of the Hamiltonian without involving the notion of potential, to propose a justification of the Gibbs formula for infinite systems and to answer the problem stated by D.Ruelle of how wide the class of specifications, which can be represented in Gibbsian form, is. Furthermore, this approach establishes a straightforward relationship between the probabilistic notion of (Gibbs) random field and the physical notion of (transition) energy, and so opens the possibility to directly apply probabilistic methods to the mathematical problems of statistical physics.